“Nicholas Nickleby”: A Tale of Satire

swirl-divider4“I shall never regret doing as I have—never, if I starve or beg in consequence.”

Nicholas Nickleby by Charles Dickens is a story critics have until recently, found fault in. But it has remained one of the general public’s favourite. Why?

Sure it has aspects of the theatrical and flamboyant. Though critics have found the characters “one dimensional and the plot too episodic”, it had immediate success upon publication. There is something about Nicholas that makes him worthy as Dickens’s male protagonist. He has a mixture of naivety, innocence, optimism and youthful gallantry- the people’s champion through his indignation towards injustice.


Let’s look at a summary: “One of Dickens’s most flamboyant and theatrical novels, Nicholas Nickleby is the story of an impulsive young man who, forced to make his way in the world encounters human life in all its variety: the tyrannical headmaster Wackford Squeers, the tragic orphan Smike, the  ridiculous Mantalinis, the hilarious thespians Mr and Mrs Crummles and their daughter, ‘the infant phenomenon’. Nicholas Nickleby is fired by outrage at cruelty and injustice, but is above all a work filled with riotous, life- affirming comedy.”

Wow. So all that said and done, what did I think after reading it?

1. Sticking to this ‘outrage at cruelty and injustice’, the best example of this is through his punishment of the tyrannical Yorkshire schoolmaster Wackford Squeers. Taking up a situation as mentor/teacher without real knowledge of his situation, Nicholas witnesses the unjust treatment, starvation, illness, violent beatings and the shoddy education the headmaster preaches. In fact, Dotheboys Hall is not a real hall at all but a house with a sort of farm shed used for teaching the boys. Dickens portrays the horrors of many Yorkshire boarding schools for unwanted children (we are also brought to the attention the cruelty of “evil step parents” who sent their kids to boarding school to get them out of their lives)


The thrashing of Wackford Squeers, immortalised on a Royal Mail stamp

2. What makes Nicholas’s punishment of Wackford Squeers of Dotheboys Hall so satisfying is that he is not under obligation to Squeers. Nicholas is old enough to take matters into his own hands and make his mark in the world- if he chooses to. He can be impulsive and rash, but essentially he represents the voice and mind of the reader through his indignation of injustice and in this- he never fails.

3. Nicholas Nickleby is Dickens’s third novel after “Oliver Twist”. There are comparisons that can be made in his writing style and focus at the time of publication, to his later works.

4. Nicholas befriends a poor orphan named Smike- a truly tragic and heart breaking character who becomes his fast friend, escaping with him from the boarding school. Smike follows him on his journey throughout the novel.


The internal economy of Dotheboys Hall

5. Like many protagonists, Nicholas is under obligation to someone or another (may it be morally or financially). After his father’s death he becomes “the man of the family”, yet as a country boy in a large city and still ignorant of the ways of the world, must rely on the goodwill of others. Upon his arrival, he and his small family (consisting of mother and sister) are under obligation to his uncle. Well, we can guess how that turns out….

6. The villains in the novel are as bad as those iconic of Dickens. The cynical, miserable Uncle Ralph takes a disliking to his nephew and schemes to undermine and break him- even using his sister Kate as bait. Ralph Nickleby is a man consumed and destroyed by revenge, in which nothing can appease him.

7. The other notable character is Wackford Squeers himself. He is a deplorable and morally perverse character but the reader is often disappointed at how little he appears. The novel naturally follows Nicholas and save from various chapters where the narrative of Ralph takes over, Squeers fades into the background.


8. It has become a part of course really, the more I read of Dickens, for the summary to refer to each “book in question” to be the most SATIRICAL and contain Dickens’s MOST realised and comical characters. Each book claims this and well, there is truth in it. It just wouldn’t be a Dickens without them. As a writer, I only wish I could have even half the range of character development as he does…

9. Halfway through the book, Nicholas’s luck changes and so does the pace and structure of the narrative. You are still anxious for Nicholas as his enemies try to outwit and close in on him at every corner, but I found it harder to commit myself, and it took me longer to get through the book.

Nicholas Nickleby dickens-n-nickleby-4

9. I found myself getting bored with some of the events (his pursuit of Madeline Bray). In my opinion, there were characters and events taking place in “Our Mutual Friend” that kept the plot going far quicker. I can’t say I was disappointed exactly, because I was still satisfied with the ending, and how events turned out. However, some of the things in Nicholas Nickleby seemed a bit superfluous and failed to grab me like some of the other books.

10. I saw the BBC series of Nicholas Nickleby once upon a time, and it did influence my image of Nicholas, (softly spoken, tall, gentlemanly) so this was going round in my mind while I was reading the book. Dickens doesn’t actually describe his physical appearance or even his character in detail, so it is up to us; the reader to form our own opinions. But this does not desist from the point that it is almost impossible not to love such a, dare I say it; faultless character. He will remain in the vault, as one of Dickens’s most memorable protagonists to date.


Nicholas Nickleby 2002 film adaptation

6 thoughts on ““Nicholas Nickleby”: A Tale of Satire

  1. swongs1126 says:

    Hi Kate, interesting to see your post! This is the first thick novel I read by Dickens! I remember one word vividly, “c-l-e-a-n”, that Squeers was so cunningly explain the word rather than defining it according to the dictionary! I also remembered myself so overwhelmed that time to see Nicholas took the action of overturning the classroom! I do agree at some point at the heroine part is boring at times, but it is how I read the description on love between different genders (out of sight, out of mind…etc); and Smike – such a tragic character!

    Liked by 1 person

  2. katewjwhite says:

    Hi Sarah, yes you’re right! I quite like the romance scene between John Rokesmith/Harmon & Bella Wilfer in “Our Mutual Friend” …it is probably not one of his most realistic romances, but still quite touching. Just a question- which Wilkie Collins novel is your favourite? 🙂


  3. swongs1126 says:

    I haven’t read Our Mutual Friend.yet. Seems like you have no difficulties reading Dickens! I have attempted to read Bleak House four times but failed me each time! I only have read nine Wilkie’s novels in which Basil and Poor Miss Finch touch my heart the most.


    • katewjwhite says:

      Our mutual friend is so good, i didn’t think i would like it from the first 2 chapters but i read it in 3 days, i was gripped! 9, wow! is that all his works? i definitely need to read the one you mention 🙂 as for bleak house…i only saw the bbc series adaptation when i was younger!


      • swongs1126 says:

        3 days?! Unbelievable! I wish I could have this stamina! It is said that Wilkie had written at least 20 novels including the shorter ones, if you are interested you can join a facebook group named “WIlkie Collins Appreciation Society” and there are many avid people out there chatting about this author! I think you are right on the issue of the beauty of cover, because the book cover of Bleak House is not attractive enough and there are many printing errors. I like Publisher of Oxford World’s Classics. Last but not least yes BBC classic drama is nice, I like Little Dorrit 🙂 seen it? (but the accent is hard for me). By the way have you read any novels by Elizabeth Gaskell?


      • katewjwhite says:

        I don’t know how I managed, I don’t usually read that fast! and it’s taken me a lot longer to read the others! Yes definitely, nice covers make a difference! I also watched half of the Little Dorrit TV show, I like the actor Matthew Macfadyen! 🙂 I saw “North & South”, with Richard Armitage, it was so good!

        Liked by 1 person

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